- The first schism (484-519) between the churches of Rome and Constantinople (qq.v.). Akakios (q.v.), for whom the schism was named, was patriarch (q.v.) of Constantinople. He supported Zeno's Henotikon (qq.v.), the "Edict of Unity," which unfortunately pacified neither the adherents to Monophysitism (q.v.) nor those who supported the 451 doctrinal statement of the Council of Chalcedon (q.v.). The schism illustrates how intertwined were religion and politics in the late fifth century, and how opposed were the claims of eastern emperors and popes (qq.v.) with regard to religious dogma. The divide between Chalcedonians and Monophysites was seen especially in the strife-ridden bishopric of Alexandria (q.v.). This religious problem became the chief internal issue of Zeno's reign.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Acacian Schism — See Akakian Schism … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Chronology — Before the ninth century there were considerable differences in the chronologies used for the writing of history and chronicles (qq.v.). Some pre ninth century chronologies started with dates of regional significance, such as the beginning… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Akakios — Patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) from 472 489, whose name is attached to the first schism between the churches of Rome and Constantinople (qq.v). His opposition to the emperor Basiliskos s (q.v.) support of Monophysitism (q.v.) was resolved … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Gelasius I — Pope (q.v.) from 492 496 who contributed to the idea of papal primacy (q.v.) by defining two powers, imperial and priestly. Priestly authority he considered superior to secular authority since priests he believed were ultimately responsible… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Henotikon — (Edict of Unity) The edict was issued by Zeno (q.v.) in 482 in an effort to appease both the supporters of the Third Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon and the Monophysites (qq.v.) by avoiding any mention ofthe one nature or two natures ofChrist … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
John I — 1) Patriarch of Antioch (qq.v.) from 429 442. He supported Nestorios at the Council of Ephesus (qq.v.) in 431, but arrived late to the council after Cyril of Alexandria (q.v.) had engineered the condemnation of Nestorios. John immediately… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Anastasios I — Emperor (q.v.) from 491 518 whose reign is often seen as a prelude to the age of Justinian I (q.v.). Despite his relative obscurity as a court attendant (silentarios), the empress Ariadne (q.v.) chose him to succeed her husband Zeno (q.v). The … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Hormisdas — Pope (q.v.) from 514 523 whose prolonged negotiations with Anastasios I (q.v.) to heal the Akakian Schism (q.v) came to fruition only when Anastasios s successor Justin I (q.v.) came to the throne. In 519 Hormisdas sent an embassy to… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Justin I — Emperor (q.v.) from 518 527; uncle of Justinian I (q.v.). The chief events of his reign included the restoration of good relations with the papacy (q.v.), exemplified by the end of the Akakian Schism (q.v.) in 519 and by the cordial visit of… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Zeno — Emperor (q.v.) from 474 491. He was an Isaurian (q.v.) chieftain named Tarasis who Leo I (q.v.) called on to free Constantinople (q.v.) from the domination of Aspar (q.v.). Once married to Leo I s daughter Ariadne (q.v.) in 466, Tarasis took… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium